The novation criteria include acceptance of the new debtor by the debtor, assumption of responsibility by the new debtor and acceptance of the new contract by the former debtor as full performance of the old contract. Novation is not a unilateral contractual mechanism, but, in the new circumstances, it leaves room for negotiation on the new GTC. This is how we can read “the acceptance of the new contract as a complete execution of the old contract” in connection with the phenomenon of “mutual consent of the GTC”.  In essence, novation and attribution are the two mechanisms for circumventing this restriction. Although the end result is the same, there are some important differences between these two mechanisms. The reorganization of the contract exempts the outgoing party from any future obligation that may arise from it. This is an essential difference between novation and assignment. Novation is only possible with the agreement of the original parties and the new party. For this new contract, consideration (the “price” paid by the new party in return for the re-establishment of the contract, whether paid financially or otherwise), must be provided for this new contract, unless novation is documented in a document signed by all three parties. The term is also used in markets that do not have a centralized clearing system, such as for example. B swap swaps and certain over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives, “Novation” referring to the process in which one contracting party can assign its role to another, called an “entry” into the contract. This is analogous to selling a futures contract.
Similarly, the other party of origin is not obliged to accept: it can refuse the weakening and then bring an action for infringement if the party trying to withdraw from the treaty does not comply with its contractual obligations. Since they still have this other option, the incumbent party is probably in a weaker negotiating position in any novation scenario, and the other party of origin can use it to its advantage. The parties to a novation will generally be the same parties as those who would be parties to a mandate. Scottish law appears stricter than English law in the application of the novation doctrine and needs stronger evidence of the creditor`s agreement to the transfer of responsibility. .